SysAdmin – Course 1 ( Hardware, Operation Systems, Storage, File System)

***** Always ask google + google translate *****



Step 1: PC & Laptop Hardware


To Do: Use Google to read about all terms in your mother language and write 5 or more sentence for each one in english + print screens

0.  RAM          - (Random Access Memory - Types DDR2, DDR3, DDR4)
1.  CPU          - (Central processing unit - Processor)
2.  SATA         - (Serial AT Attachment - Used to connect HDD or SSD to motherboard)
3.  USB          - (Universal Serial Bus)
4.  HDD          - (Hard Disk Drive - Have size 2.5 inch or 3.5 inch Can be fast damaged)
5.  NVME         - (Non Volatile Memory Express)
6.  SSD          - (Solid State Drive - Have size 2.5 inch - Fast and unbreakable)
7.  mSata        - (Mini SATA)
8.  Motherboard  - (It holds and allows communication between many of the crucial electronic components of a system)
9.  Pci          - (Peripheral Component Interconnect)
10. NIC          - (Network Interface Controller - External Network Card + Onboard Network Card)
11. PDU          - (Power Distribution Unit )
12. Driver       - (A driver provides a software interface to hardware devices, enabling operating systems and other computer programs to access hardware functions)
13. CPU Cooler   - (Is required to remove the waste heat produced by computer components)
14. System fan   - (Fans are used to draw cooler air into the case from the outside)
15. WiFi module  - (Onboard computer module)
16. LIPo         - (Lithium Polymer Battery - 1 cell full charge 4.2v and discharge 3.0v)
17. NiCd         - (Nickel Cadmium Battery - 1 cell full charge 1.5v)
18. BIOS         - (Basic Input/Output System - Used to manage all computer hardware elements on motherboard)
19. TPM          - (Trusted Platform Module - Dedicated microcontroller designed to secure hardware (SSD,NVME,SSD) through integrated cryptographic keys)
20. MBR          - (Master Boot Record - Contains executable code to load the installed operating system - Up to 2TB)
21. GPT          - (GUID Partition Table - Used for disks more then 2TB)
22. PXE Boot     - (Preboot eXecution Environment - Used to instal operation systems from network)
23. CPU HT       - (Hyper-Threading Technology - Can be used on Server with 2 CPU - The os can use 2 physical CPU at same time)
24. Bootable dev - (Dev = Devices)

 

PC & Laptop Connectors and Interfaces

To Do: Use Google to read about all terms in your mother language and write 5 or more sentence for each one in english + print screens

0.  PL           - (Audio connector - Used by HeadSet or Microphone)    
1.  VGA          - (Video Graphics Array - Analog - Video)
2.  DVI          - (Digital Visual Interface - Digital - Video + Sound)
3.  HDMI         - (High Definition Multimedia Interface - Digital - Video + Sound + Ethernet)
4.  DP           - (DisplayPort - Digital - Video + Sound + USB + Ethernet)
5.  RJ45         - (Ethernet connector)
6.  USB Type-C   - (USB connector system with a rotationally symmetrical connector)
7.  USB          - (Universal Serial Bus - Used by portable USB storage device)
8.  CD           - (Compact Disc Read Only Memory - Today not used)
9.  MDP          - (Mini DisplayPort - Digital - Video + Sound + USB + Ethernet)
10. Bluetooth    - (Short Range Wireless Technology - Used for data and Sound - PAN Personal Area Network)
11. Thunderbolt3 - (Fast hardware Interface - Can be 'MDP' and 'USB Type C' - Used to connect Docking Station to Laptop)

PC & Laptop external Equipment

To Do: Use Google to read about all terms in your mother language and write 5 or more sentence for each one in english + print screens

0. Docking station - (Laptop equipment - Allow to connect 2 monitors + ethernet + Mouse and keyboard to Laptop with one cable)
1. DisplayLink     - (Technology which is designed to connect computers and displays using USB)
2. UPS             - (Uninterruptible Power Source)
3. C5              - (Power cord MikiMouse)  
4. C13             - (Power cord Kumkum zahar)  
5. C14             - (Power cord Kumkum Nekeva)
6. AC adapter      - (Power Supply Adapter)



Step 2: Operation System OS
To Do: Use Google to read about all terms in your mother language and write 5 or more sentence for each one in english + print screens

0. Windows
1. Linux
2. IOS
3. Android
4. Centos
5. Ubuntu
6. RedHat
7. FreeBsd
8. Busy box
9. Open suse
10. MacOS
11. x86 vs x64
12. Arm
13. Intel
14. AMD
15. Kernel
16. Shell



Step 3: Storage:
To Do: Use Google to read about all terms in your mother language and write 5 or more sentence for each one in english + print screens 

0. Physical disk
1. SD card
2. Partition
3. Volume
4. Lun
5. Raid + types
6. Snapshots

Storage brands 
0. Qnap
1. Netapp
2. Fujitsu



Step 4: File System
To Do: Use Google to read about all terms in your mother language and write 5 or more sentence for each one in english + print screens

0. FAT (FAT12, FAT16, FAT32)
1. exFAT
2. NTFS
3. ext2
4. ext3
5. ext4
6. XFS
7. btrfs
8. VMFS
9. ZFS



Step 5: Questions
0.  What is deferent between arm and intel?
1.  What is deferent between vgi,dvi,hdmi,dp?
2.  What is deferent between intel and amd?
3.  What is deferent between hdd and ssd?
4.  What is deferent between kernel and shell ?
5.  Bit vs byte vs megabyte vs kilobyte?
6.  What is deferent between NTFS and FAT32
7.  Which fs is better  ext4 or btrfs
8.  What is deferent between software raid and hardware raid?
9.  What is deferent raid 0 and raid 1?
10. When you will use raid 10?
11. When you will use raid 6?
12. When you will use raid 1?
13. When you will use raid 0?
14. Petabytes vs Terabyte?
15. What is deferent between USB3 & USB2 & USB1 ?
16. What is deferent between sata2 & sata3 & sata6?